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Year 9 Classroom Resources

Inquiry Questions 

Civics and Citizenship

A framework for developing students’ civics and citizenship knowledge, understanding and skills at this year level is provided by the following key questions:

  • What influences shape the operation of Australia's political system?
  • How does Australia's court system work in support of a democratic and just society?
  • How do citizens participate in an interconnected world?
Civics and Citizenship Description


  • What were the changing features of the movements of people from 1750 to 1918?
  • How did new ideas and technological developments contribute to change in this period?
  • What was the origin, development, significance and long-term impact of imperialism in this period?
  • What was the significance of World War I?
History Description
  • What are the causes and consequences of change in places and environments and how can this change be managed?
  • What are the future implications of changes to places and environments?
  • Why are interconnections and interdependencies important for the future of places and environments?
Geography Description
Economics and Business
  • How do participants in the global economy interact?
  • What strategies can be used to manage financial risks and rewards?
  • How does creating a competitive advantage benefit business?
  • What are the responsibilities of participants in the workplace and why are these important?
  Economics Description

Civics and Citizenship

John Howard Prime Ministerial Library

Civics Curriculum

The John Howard Prime Ministerial Library has developed a collection of accessible, curriculum-aligned Civics and Citizenship resources for students in years 9 and 10.

The learning resources developed use two key events from the Howard era - The National Firearms Agreement, and Peacekeeping in East Timor - to explore:

The process through which government policy is shaped and developed, including the role of Prime Minister and Cabinet (ACHCK103 - Year 9)
The Australian Government's role and responsibilities at a global level, for example provision of foreign aid, peacekeeping, participation in international organisations and the United Nations (ACHCK091 - Year 10).

The resources also provide teachers with a range of activities to develop students' Civic and Citizenship skills, including analysing historical sources, developing arguments, and considering different points of view.

Hosted by the University of New South Wales Canberra, the Howard Library curates exhibitions that introduce Australians to leadership and policy challenges from John Howard's Prime Ministership in a balanced and non-partisan way.

Critical and Creative Thinking

Ethical Understanding



Asia and Australia's Engagement with Asia


Personal and Social Capability


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